With impressive developments in biotechnology it may seem that biotechnology can do many more things, especially in the scopes of Agricultural, Environmental, Industrial, and Medical Biotechnology. Meanwhile Bio Big Data, Machine Learning, Synthetic Biology, Gene and Genome Engineering have opened up incredible new possibilities. Medical biotechnology is personalising medicine by focusing on our unique biology, industrial biotechnology is being used to create more environmentally safe building materials, agricultural biotechnology will help feed a growing global population, and synthetic biology is assisting in the production of important chemicals and materials in a sustainable manner. This issue has 5 articles. The first article is entitled enhancement of C. vulgaris species growth using aquaculture sludge extracts. Arumugam et al. showed the possibility of enhanced microalgae growth with additional enrichment from treated sludge extracts. The second article on the characterization of halal protein hydrolysates extracted from bycatch fish Rastrelliger Kanagurta. Marini et al. concluded that the fish has the potential to be used as raw material to produce fish protein hydrolysate because it has a high protein content with low lipid content. The third article studied the effect on growth of Desmodesmus sp under different incubation conditions. Ikram et al. found that Desmodesmus sp was able to grow in different conditions through their experiments. The fourth article delves into the effect of Silver Nitrate concentration on production of Silver nanoparticles (AgNPs) using Polygonum minus extract and the analysis of their antimicrobial properties. Nadzirah et al. demonstrated that AgNPs can be synthesized using the plant extract, as a reducing agent by using green method. The fifth article - Low-Density Polyethylene (LDPE) degradation by Malaysian Rhodococcus spp. using weight reduction test - by Hasdianty et al. - proved that 23 isolates were able to degrade LDPE, showing the promising potential to explore this bacteria strain as an agent for plastic waste biological treatment.
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